The States will own the new Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge. The final estimate of the cost of the Interstate System was issued in 1991.
It estimated that the total cost would be 8.9 billion, with a Federal share of 4.3 billion.
The Federal Government made Interstate Construction funds available to the State highway/transportation agencies, which built the Interstates. The States own and operate the Interstate highways. Bureau of Public Roads built the bridge under special legislation approved by President Dwight D. Although the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia operate the bridge, it is owned by the Federal Highway Administration.
The one exception is the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Bridge (I-95/495) over the Potomac River in the Washington area. When the first span of the replacement bridge, now under construction, is opened, the old bridge will be removed.
Fairbank, Chief of the agency's Division of Information, prepared the report.When legislation failed in 1955, observers predicted that in the presidential election year of 1956, the Democratic Congress would not approve such a significant plan sought by a Republican President.Nevertheless, President Eisenhower continued to urge approval and worked with Congress to reach compromises that made approval possible. Through the remainder of his years as President, he searched for ways to solve the problems that plagued the program in its early years and pushed for continued work on the Interstate System.When the program took shape in the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, it differed in some ways from the President's proposal, particularly with regard to the source of funding for the program, but Congress retained the Federal-State matching share of 90-10 as a reflection of the Interstate Construction Program's importance to national goals.(In the western States with large amounts of untaxed public land, the Federal share could be increased to 95 percent.) To Top Did construction of the Interstate System contribute to the national debt? The concept of an Interstate system as we know it was first described in a 1939 report to Congress called Toll Roads and Free Roads. The ideas expressed in the "free roads" portion of the report evolved through further study and experience before approval of the authorized designation of a "National System of Interstate Highways," the legislation did not authorize an initiating program to build it.The report rejected the toll superhighway network Congress had suggested; revenue from tolls on most segments would not support the bonds issued for their construction. After taking office in January 1953, President Eisenhower made revitalizing the Nation's highways one of the goals of his first term.Separate legislation allows the Federal Highway Administration to approve additional mileage if it meets full Interstate standards and would be a logical addition or connection.Beyond the 42,795 miles, this additional mileage is not "chargeable"—that is, it is not eligible for Interstate Construction funds under the , as amended, although the State may use other Federal-aid funds to help with construction. The Interstate System was built under the principles of the Federal-aid highway program, which was established in 1916.The imposed a statutory limitation on the Interstate mileage that would be built with Interstate Construction funds under the new program (41,000 miles at the time).Later legislation increased the limitation to 43,000 miles, of which a total of 42,795 miles has been used.