Six of the heads are human and the seventh is some kind of animal replica.
It is believed that they were used as ceremonial objects during the performance of initiation ritual Lydenburg was one of several republics established in the Transvaal because of dissention among the early Voortrekker leaders.
Early Transvaalers attempted to find a route to Delagoa Bay and a port free of British control.
Alluvial gold was discovered in the district by several prospectors on 6 February 1873 and the Lydenburg goldfields were proclaimed three months later.
There are seven hollow terracotta sculptures which are named after the site at which they were discovered in the late 1950s.
On 6 February 1873 alluvial gold was discovered in the district by several prospectors and the Lydenburg goldfields were proclaimed three months later.In the early years of the 20 th century, the caves were exploited for their deposits of bat guano.It was only when Mr P R Owen acquired the farm that a road was built to the entrance and it was opened to tourists.Prehistoric man discovered these caves and at the beginning of the 19 th century they were used as refuges by sections of the Swazi people.One of their kings, Sobhuza 1, is said to have hidden in the caves to escape Zulu raiders.Please be safe on our site and don’t send any face pics or use your actual email address if you want to remain anonymous. Please be safe on our site and don’t send any face pics or use your actual email address if you want to remain anonymous. These caves are the oldest known to mankind, formed over 300 million years ago.In 1856 Lydenburg seceded from the Transvaal Republic and, in the following year, joined the Republic of Utrecht.In 1860 both these republics rejoined the Transvaal Republic.Lydenburg, which means "place of suffering" was founded by these pioneering Voortrekkers fleeing malaria and the debilitating heat of lower lying areas in the early 1800s.But, although Lydenburg was healthier, marauding Bapedi armies under the leadership of Kgosi Sekhukhune fought a series of bloody pitched battles with the settlers, monuments to which can still be seen in the area.