John and Joane Carrington, accused of "familliarity with Sathan the great Enemye of God and mankinde" were indicted by Connecticut's Particular Court on "6 March 1650/1." In his "diary" or notebook, Matthew Grant records that they were executed "mar.19.50." Although Grant did not employ the double date, had he done so it would have been recorded as March 19, 1650/1.During the Middle Ages, it began to became apparent that the Julian leap year formula had overcompensated for the actual length of a solar year, having added an extra day every 128 years. By 1582, seasonal equinoxes were falling 10 days "too early," and some church holidays, such as Easter, did not always fall in the proper seasons.
George Washington, for example, was born on February 11, 1731 under the Julian Calendar, but afterwards recognized the date February 22, 1732 to reflect the Gregorian Calendar.This is the higher age group for our double speed dating event.One area will have speed daters ages 25-42 and your are will have speed daters 38-55.January 1 was established as the first day of the new year.Protestant countries, including England and its colonies, not recognizing the authority of the Pope, continued to use the Julian Calendar.By the ninth century, parts of southern Europe began observing first day of the new year on March 25 to coincide with Annunciation Day (the church holiday nine months prior to Christmas celebrating the Angel Gabriel's revelation to the Virgin Mary that she was to be the mother of the Messiah). However, England did not adopt this change in the beginning of the new year until late in the twelfth century.Because the year began in March, records referring to the "first month" pertain to March; to the second month pertain to April, etc., so that "the 19th of the 12th month" would be February 19.Even now the Chinese and Islamic calendars are based on the motion of the moon around the earth, rather than the motion of the earth in relation to the sun, and the Jewish calendar links years to the cycle of the sun and months to the cycle of the moon. C., Julius Caesar ordered a calendar consisting of twelve months based on a solar year.This calendar employed a cycle of three years of 365 days, followed by a year of 366 days (leap year).Although it may first appear that the February session was entered out of sequence, the arrangement is actually correct.Under the "Old Style" calendar and legal new year, 1636 began on March 25.